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Full text of "Workmans Advocate Year 4 #4 Jan. 28, 1888"

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Hero ll'.mcu, ffitmncctlcut, Snituvcluil. gnnuavi) 28, 1888 

JMce 3 KralJ 



a proletarian >Ybo Llred for tin 
Hood of Others •HlR autobtog- 

lapliY- Teacher. RCVOln- 

tiuuiot *nti Scientist. 
i Osoful Lift*. 

Last Saturday morning the eeU- 
saorifioing; teacher and »gitator. Dr. 
Adolph 1 >onai consciously und calm- 
ly de»wted this life, at tho ago of 
Bixty^eight year* ami eloven mouth?. 
II,. bad boon eunering from a throat 
trouble, but no fears were enter- 
tained by his family, and ho refrained 
from telling them of his condition 
when lie becuue convinced of tho 
eer.ons character of hia ailment. 

Tim funeral took place last Tues- 
day, from tiio Drooklyn I-ibor Ly- 
ceum, where thousands gathered to 
pay tho lust respects to the deceased 
The .Sections of the Socialist Labor 
Party of Now York, Brooklyn, Wil- 
liamsburg, Itreenpoint, as well as a 
number of socialistic societies and 
Trades Unions, among thorn tho 
Bricklayers' In. Union No. Hand tho 
Socialist Turn Yeroin, and tho dele- 
gates to the German Trades; besides 
theso there wore representatives 
from Socialist sections in Philadel- 
phia and New Jersey, and from a 
number of Trade Unions in Now 
York and neighboring cities. The 
PccgKjssiYG Sfuscal Union rendered 
e\quit>ite music suitable to the occa- 
sion, and the scholars of the Labor 
Lyceum school sang a mourning 
hymn. Alexander .Iouob, editor of 
the Volksuitung, made the first ad- 
dress, in which he reviewed the life 
of tho deceased and feelingly ac- 
knowledged his excellent traits. Al- 
ter a song — "Dori unten id Fried?" 
— by the Lasalle Mnnnerchor, Dr. 
Felix Adler rendered a glowing 
tribute to the memory of Dr. Douai, 
in which ho especially noted his 
i.i.'h character and faithfulness to 
his convictions. Teacher William 
Scholl, of the ]>ouai Institute, spoke 
m behalf of the teachers and scholars 
of the school, and closed by laying a 
palm bramh upon the casket. Her- 
man Waltln-r spoke in the name of 
the National Executive Committee 
of the Socialist I-ibor Party. Ho 
said : 

"Adolph Douai has been described a$ 
.i teacher and philosopher, and what 
have we, 8ocial*Deinocnibj, to«ay? We 
know bow to appreciate hia many excel- 
Jenritw, but that which liftn Mm higher 
iTi r,iir hi^ln i, ],,-, unbending character- 
istic of honor. To Social- 1 Jem oe rain he 
id mil in- as a bright example. A-, to )uh 
weals, I do not believe that the many 
wore against him. but rather thai the 
martnew of the people, of the thinking 
proletariat were on bin Hid*-. He was a 
lighter Tor freedom. A w-n of the peo- 

ied through the hard school of 
Hfe, ana tbu, comprehended the miffer- 
mg of the people. He was ever in ad- 

■.■if.':*- "f i.i-. tone, aver progressive, lie 
sex oi the enlightened proleta- 
rians:, and a* meh i» honored by t],e 
wonfng people of an conntru ., and will 
eyer live In their memory. In birn has 
Im F'-**- )> T «Vi*<7 "t LaaaUs been fill- 

'■■" ■'■'■'■*■ and I.ahor have em- 

■ .. 

With these word, the speaker de- 
wr.-ath of white flowers 
and evergreen upon the bier 

Comrade 0. Metaler, of 1'hiladel 
pbla, abo laid a wreath opon the 

rf Philadelphia, and Jacob Willie 

offered a wn-ath of laare] entwined 

mtha enraaom aesh, in thonameoi 

'< dee, with the 


. IM •■■ - 

Koimnt> and f . ■ .'• i , J ■ 

Many other tributes were offered 

. jxx-sy and long. „r t , r 

winch tne f,.n.. r .,l ,„.,„,.,;„„ .^ 

formed and fee mortal remaini of 

one whose deeds shall l,vc after him 
were earned to th- 

height, as shown by hit) passport. 
Admitted to the freedom of thu Uni- 
versity, where ho received a few sti- 
pendB,he exercised iiithegymnaaiuni, 
fenced, swum, and roamed the fields, 
as circumstances permitted, he grew 
and improved so rapidly that his 
father hardly recognized him after a 
few months' absence from home. 


Following is a translation of Dr. 
Douui's auto-biography, slightly con- 

Charles Daniel Adolph Douai was 
born at Altonburg, in the Duchy of 
Saxon-Altenburg, on the 22d of .Feb- 
ruary, 1819. lie was the son of a 

Bchool teacher, and n descendant of a ****** 
French refugee family who had lied At the University, poverty assorted 
to Dresden and forgotten their its power, and the stipends wen- not 
French. His father was the first aufflciont-to support the swm sto* 
teacher of the "Semi-school" in dent. Ho was compelled to add to 
Fricdrichstadt-Dresdcn, until the his income by writing, and he wrote 
pedagogic reformer, Dintor, was some novels, and two theological pa- 
called tnither, and who in his auto- pora. Notwithstanding this he had 
biography appreciatively referred to to live in a room without lire in tho 
tho elder Douai. Here his son re- winter and live on poor faro. This 
coived his education und training as did not hinder him from joiniug, for 
a teacher of the people, so that teach- a half -year, with the students in 
Tship was inherited to tho fourth their rollicking life, and incurring 
generation in thisfamily. buor dobts, etc., for the sake of actual 

Adolph Douai received a good aoa- and now experience. For tho same 

domic and university education, ac- reason he traveled on foot all over 

cording to the conception of those Germany, as was customary with the 

days, for tint Altenberg Gymnasium journeymen workmen, having very 

and tho University at Leipzig which little money in his pocket, 

he attended were celebrated. But After ho graduated from tho Uni- 

although he had graduated from varsity, he Bought admission as stu- 

both with honor, poverty was so dent in philosophy and pedagogy at 

closely interwoven with hisfate, that the University of Jena, in vain. It 

he begged of his father to permit would require two years of support 

him to learn tho trade of a composi- by private means to onter upon the 

tor, which idea was opposed and van- usual course of a Gorman scientist, 

qniehed by his stern parent, From There was but one course for him, 

his eighth year he had to partially and that was tho acceptance of a 

support himself, and from his tbir- good paying situation as private tu- 

teenth year he was entirely depend- tor in Russia. This could furnish 

ent upon bis own. exertions for a live- him the means to continue his 

lihood, so slight was his father's sal- studies and at tho same time marry, 

ary and perquisites. Ho wrought for ho was betrothed to tho Haroncss 

out a livelihood as a newspaper car- von Roust, and received the consent 

as assistant to his father in the of her relatives only on condition 

teaching of a number of peasant that he could, within two years, sue* 

children, as copyist, as chorister, aa coed in securing a respectable and 

assistant in the preparation of a paying position, 

scboolbook by his father, as crocheter This was accomplished, but to re- 

of woolen shawls which father and late all the adventures and contests 

son manufactured In leisure hours, necessary to gain all this, would take 

as composer of special poems, as ped- too long. Douai successfully passed 

lar of thu schoolbook referred to, aa ! imperial examinations at tho Univor- 

messengor, aa children's .care-taker ! sity of Dor pat, which entitled him 

and an cook, when his mother was to admission In Russian government 

ill, aa actor in child casts, theatrical , employ and to the title id Doctor and 

supernumerary and ro-writer of act- tho rank of Professor, whereupon he 

ors librettos, and finally also as cm- I claimed his bride. Ho soon became 
poser of new year's and birthday i conscious that the acceptance of an 

poems for several wealthy relatives, ofHce under the Russian government 
who paid for the work, and in many | would involve thu sacrifice of his 
Other ways. All this prevented a ; ideals and conviotioDB, and ho bo ac- 
thorough attention to Mtudy, nor < copted a position as private tutor at 
eouW n« devote sufficient interest in i a nigh salary, which left him with 
u» teaching; Every waking moment : enough time and means to continue 

he was away from Ins studies was his studies. Here Inn convictions 

mm irily devoted to the struggle and principles ripened; here he 

for existence, and he was permitted struggled against the uneducated 

to enter examination for graduation ; nubile opinion, through to Soolal- 
Irtm i the academy a year Berber than Democracy, in whieb his own experi- 
ence, having comprehended the hvh- 
tem of exploitation and seen the con- 

■ ;. 

r resting place 

was the rule, for' it watt considered 

that he would fatally overwork him- 
self if he bad to paes another year in 
the straggle for an education end at 
Uu same tame for a living. At the 
ago of uihetcuri he wan a physically 
undeveloped, half-nourished boy.and 

measured four feet eight inches in 

sequent human misery, ooneldoribly 
influenced him. Among other ex- 
periences, ho lived through a three- 

yearn' famine, a pofiSSrot revolution, 

'■'> |: Ural persecution of Nihilists, and 
the forcible or bribed conversions! of 

iirotcstant peasants to tho Greek 
hureh all those occurred under bis 
own eyes. 

1 1 1- pi'irifjiial nnmii::t;uirr i were 

iow highly plensing. [[onovoroxpoot 
fil a more congenial life.ormoreappro- 

■ iation, Rut, tho oei teinty that 
ttiBsia would not provo n held for of Iiib opinions, and an unoor- 
laiu premonition of a COmiog rovolu 
lioniuy movement in western 
•hiropo, drove him back toGerinany, 

■ fter a five years' reaidonco in tho 
Ozar's domain. 

Douai had become thoroughly con- 
\ii»cod that tht) art and science of 
(ducation bad a great fuliin ihr 
i tsk of ennobling humanity— and 
(bat this was possible and imperious. 
I'ossiblo, because humanity had lifu 
tl itself above tho lower order of 
Miimiil life; but imperious, because 
I ho ever-repeated destruction of biv- 
i'i«ation could only be prevented by' 
i Bocial-domooratic revolution in all 
toeial arrangi-nients, combined with 
t roform in the means of education 
'■ Inch should partly precede this rev* 
r.lution, and partly follow it aa a 

In his paternal city, Altonburg, 
I'ouai endeavored to enhance the 
talue of Imb new primary and pre- 
1 iratory Brhool by m-vor refusing ad- 
mittance to ever w spoiled a scholar, 
m he hoped by improving such to 
gain a reputation. And this auc- 
t >eded. Although he bought and 
Ptted up a building, and engaged the 
I eat assistants with borrowed money 
1 a had paid all debts within a year 
and a half, and his institution pros- 
1 'ired, so that scholars came from 
considerable distances, while the 
children of proletarians were ever 



Then came the revolution of 1848. 
sad as he bad helped prepare for it 
bv the organization of young citizens' 
clubs, journeymen's and laborers' so- 
cieties, he took an activo part in the 
political movement. Little Alton- 
burg declared for the Republic and 
Social-Democracy as early as Freder- 
ick Keeker (the name Social- 1 hmioc- 
racy was spoken even then though 
but partially comprehended). After 
it bad been vainly attempted to 
sworve him by bribes and promises 
of high otlioe, be was threatened 
with arrest as early as July, as were 
two of his comrades. But the citi- 
zens erected barricades, and repelled 
a brigade of Saxon troops which the 
government had secretly quartered 
there, with such energy that thuy 
were withdrawn. A Reform Coun- 
cil (Landtag) was called, in which 
Douai and his comrades were in tho 
| Condtided on next j'"t/t'l 

The Spanish Socialist Party will 
hold a conference at Barcelona next 
August. All the principal cities 
have Socialist organizations. It is 
reported that a now revolutionary 
paper is soon to be issued in Madrid, 
under tho title of La Bandera Itoja 
(the red Hag). A groat many people 
throughout Spain are without work, 
and processions and demonstrations 
of tho unemployed aru frequent in 
the principal cities. 

To-night the Now York Vbli'fi- 
zeUunrf celebrates the tenth anniver- 
sary of its existence at iStoinway Hall. 
The career of this Socialist nowspa- 
por has been most successful, and 
should bo an incentive to American 
work mun to "go and do likewise/' 
Continuous, persistent hard work on 
tho part of our (ierman comrades 
has created a daily Socialist paper, 
and tho samo onorgy on the part of 
American workiugmon will create 
one or more for thorn. Perhaps 
thoy had butter become Socialists 
first, however; then they will appre- 
ciate tho necessity for an honest 

In a jnojierly ordered htalii <,! looioty 
i-iy mini willing lu worl; nbould I"' Oil- 

Hurou inti lobiuro (<>r >• .i of mind and 
body,— William SfarrU, 


Socialists Becoming Soldi em tor Rood 


Lord Wol ley has Introduced a 
plan for i horl militftry letvico, three 
yeavsj and .» number of Sc< 
joining tho English militia. Tiny 
are doing good work, ... 
■coda of Socialu on among the soldiery. 
Recently, when the "Boyal Soots" 
were ordered to lire npon tho bravo 
crofters of Lowis, they absolutely re- 
fused to obey. Tho intelli ■■ 

iora don'i pro] i to collect cent and 

protect the teaJingfl of rcibbers. fi 
a contributor to London Jmim a-ys: 
"It thoy over lire b volley it will go 
into thuairor into LhoShoril 
These men ware orofters onoe.' 

The Formation »r Caslei sud Classes. 
A correspondent of the ' llovol rad 
industrial Journal lias been looking 
up the single tax busineiui, end makes 
the following pertinent remarks: 

"Mow WOUld tho .hi: )■■ 1 ml l.,\ p .i,.-i 

in the miilentum? (Jt urge ij tax] -i 
uml tax tlial oniyVanc] i" Iili bigotry be 
and lii-s followom nny i»y Uiln mothocl onli 
e,ui the eoOJitry be wived, s.. 
auperlichiL lie alone hni k" 1 the potenl 
euro-all. People have bt en called fraud* 
for dealing nui patent mediciui ■ w td< b 
tin ■> l*I dined would 'lire nil the dl i ■ ■ 
ineijent to bumanity. And again « o mil .( 
not tax the industriouH for In Indu try. 
Very nitre! Sounds wehiathuoratOTioa] 
Mights of a MeGlyan ot a Penteoost.!. i wt ii hi print; bul took, think, ex- 
amine, investigate. * " A rich m in 
hana house worth nay 1 10,000 in the 
heart o( the city. Next door a poor mac 
haa iiy "trie! economy isouied a little 

IihUb*' "ii a Jot of the r. v in.- -i/.e. W'tudd 
t tint inn nau ill a 
the rich man roooivi il more protS" Hon 
;. — iiji ^n .-. . .... 

bo should pay mora laxae than he? 
Hia rent would bring him in s vast reve- 
nue which would laugh at the taxes. 
The man with the little bouse probably 
could not rent, if at all, certainly not fox 
enough io paj thu heavy taxed of the 
land, What would be the result? The 
poor man would have to sell that land 
which be had labored long years to 
to some rich man who wouul build ; 
mansion on it, and then go to liv 
dome poor land far from the comfoi tfi Of 
city civilization. 

"Then would we nee tne new civiliza- 
tion ! All the finest buUdings together. of a next lower grade about them, 
la a circle of larger extent tbose'stiU less 
imposing, and so on down to the Imtn of 
llie indigent inaaden. Separated into 
Classes, i !aste supreme. Workingiueu, 
how do you like tho George milleuium; 
tlaze on the picture. Have capitalists 
wo few privileges that we must give them 

"The George movement is a sideour- 
f tlit* mor 


. hoe 

lists to dh 

sighted oapl 
the multitudes ov 
church and and state 
economic liberty and C 
unpaid labor of the n: 
for redress. The light 
between capital mul l 

side and rent on the ot 

divide our forces. Ma- 
vain. Tbe light is be 
which gives a man a el 
tusk-waster oyer bis e< 


it tlu 

rush of 

Beld ol 

u. The 
.1 aloud 

the one 


ii creates win 
,ob it t 

Khouhl lui 

) tin 
rolw th' 

owm n or oapitab Tin 
tivolv few indiruj 

pearly all tb p 

intereBl or c iprii a 

off tho ffheel i of Ln In trj, thro 

thou rands out ot employ i i 

all the moral an I Baring 

snob ^ state o1 afl 

tber will this seme 

exact as p 

products el I tbor an tma 

which they i umot eon 

which those who woald like to i 

■ mnot.btiy, thus en slang Lhe 
periodioal " overprodo ■ 

■ " No one, not even the 
humble it o ii,-.-n would be bj over- 
work or hick of Lime or 
hibited from . altivatingt vorj ; .. ■ 

thor would there be anything to pro- 
hibit the individual suponority of 
talent or o ;ertion from reoeivinR 
ffh it vi :■ recognition it ■'■ erves, but 
; and moral worth not wealth" 
would be th.. jtandard o! greatness. 


( i.'.irui.ikn . l'rcp irlflf I'.ir a I oahsl. 

Th.- gootaUsi Agitation. 

' l he CI . i [i,,., 

[l til ■ 

dm o*\ fron 

ii' .i the bunch n ■■ wfu bo 

introdut ■ 

Thi» Inten :.■■■ 
live H .. . 
iintl i , iii. 1 n '■; v ■:; 
fullj u 

nhi. Ii Mi. C 8. Ariffin 
Mr, I >ani< i Lynch m ids tbe prfi i 
, ' ■ ■■ tn oponln | Mr. Lynch di ■ 
liaiined nn] partlt ular pow i 
tor, bul i lie that 
to spread the Ifuowli ih ■■ el Um I i 

of Soeifllunn ami i u* clanK, 

tho workt ' . to the best of his abtUty, 

He criticized Uie presenl I ■ ryatem of 

society advemely, snd Insisted that tho 
proper way to agii itc for abetter > item 
\\.is, uol .i ems i :; '-- ed I rl ■■■■ n former i 
■ eemed to think, b] attaob Inj rs nil . 
but to attach the cause i ol ths evUs 
w huh bcsel km iety to >\ ^ He paid o 
glowing trlbuto i" SodaJJ im, syuis; that 
I-, tho worki i-. ii meant .1 haven o1 i ■■ . 
that it propo ies that to the bvoi ki 
be renuered theruU valui ol htscn atlon 
"Socialhuu," he ooatiDued, holds it. ii no 
man or set ol men have i right to de- 
mand trlbuto in tin- shape ol profit from 
another's labor," He pi tun tl the 
at ion of the Sot i.iti i > item In the di i- 
i rii >ut ion oi commoditiesi and contmstad 
it with the i>ti tent « .i iteful tsompotlSvo 

Satem, showing how the capital! rt ot 
e North compoted with those ei bhe 
South, ajid how the wage ilavos had to 

suiter a reduction In wagt IDS a rOSult 

Speaking of invonMoas, >(■■. Lynch said; 
"Huppose a number of men wsreengagi ■! 
iu an employment requiring a large 
amount of must le, energy and Involving 
great fatigue, Suposo then one o( them 
coatrived a machine to do tbe work more 

ecouoioiealK and \wth !c->i id rain upon 
the human ",\-lem, and wlicn lie bad 

npieted tho machine. Instead of using 

li the tew— a light between 
ml labor, end it will be the 
idous Bghl yel seenln Christ- 
id since right is right and 
avail, labor will be tri- 

e the tricks of oltarlatan 


t*t ] 

would-be lab 

The Industrial Journal iu tbu otli- 
oial organ of tbu National Trade 
District of Machinery Constructors, 
and naturally enters to an intelli- 
gent class of readers, Lot thctn 
study well tho propositions of tho 
various reformers iintl wonld-bo re- 
formers, Brain will toll on the right 
sido in tho olid, 

There would he no fear of Buffer- 
ing for want of employment. There 
Would always bo work to do whore 
there were any wanting the produota 
of Bueh labor. Ilulf the labor ot the 
town anil of thO world would uot bo 

Wauled In competition. Qoodfl would 

bo made to usoj net to sell. Tho 
prioos for v.bich tho goods would bo 
sold would bo only enough to pay 
Tor t heir production. There would 
bo no mifllous to pa} to spoonlatorB 

it as ;i means of benefitting himself alone, 
he turned it over to the whola company 
ol hi- fellow workei , or to tho Stale, If 
you please, to bo used tot the benefit of 
all. That kind of eompotltlon wabe- 
lievo in— tho competition of brain with 
musolo, not tlio oompetftten of man 
agalnithta fellow workmen: compotitiou, 
not In the interest of nne Individual, but 
in the Interest of all." To the objection 
thai migbl i"' rained i>> the oouonenls 
of co operation that there would be do 
Encentlvo for a man-to use bis bratnsto 

imout aiiythim: il he could not conliol 

id the 

at the i" 

beneilt of 

their Inventions, 

md wereol 

:; i ].. .[■ ti 

■ Hit Of tbe credit. 

oven, ofba^ 

ii, invonl 

od them. "Men 

,..,■ ,.o.i he 

■■ i onto 

\\ ill In- g i mil-, i 

liib-r all cite 

nu lUui' i i, 

and w hat Is in Id 

bead to boo 

ul to come 

in cloataB 1 

I . ii,!, o .1 

ing raauu-k . «i 

Lynch be 

ought lita 

hearers to stand 

houkloi [" 

ii„- great woi k, at 

H„. v'u torj " i,l(,! 

, hi lc Mi 

,, White, 

Norri*. Pi'ledo, 'i 

loin, and i 

then n.i 

lowodi i" v Id' ' 

thej enpi 

(jpeaki i of ti"- •■' 

mn ,. 

r > (Sniulny) ovunlDu U W 

publli > ii".!"i "" ' ■' '.' " ,,: " ' "' 

,,l ll„- IV,, I I"')' "■ 

u-IU l»- liolJ . (Jon Km n. .il. lu I"' 

,,[ .ii.. i. i.. ■ ■ ■' I •■ 

I M..N..I uill .-i..'.. I. ..I"'" "Tho I' " 

, . , , > ..i il... l:...l.i i i tto< "'■ 



r a. !•".-*- W* 
MlaUlH UiM»M' 

C*» Y««r J^avw fiaai 


,-,\ .-..• s , '" -s " 


■ nwr c n v »v *** ***»*. co» 

KsrerHa' x stj -- 

In lie dmti of IV. A Jotph Douai 
th* s - 
one of their 

sad counselors. B* wasaeti 
and UK-ess butler sga st £ 

ar.d disorder, and his iife was 

weE s: ■ 

-mediate Co-work ra N 


. sad -- 

h is a blot 

So. s:*. but to the 

- great heart 

a&d bright devoted to 

-■- ■ , ;-" -- -• 

and his long career both in his na- 

and in i he land of hisadop- 

siec proTed him a tit exemplar for 

ger men who are 
«t the duties. imposed at- 

. athway he 

_ :., _ :~ - 

ooa seal of Social-Demo :.. 
whose benign reign the desb 

.on will not on._ 
posatie. but urtoid means of pro- 
giiau and riees be un- 


All honor to the memory of our 
departed pioneer. 

....;. - I ■ .■ .. >. ' ■■■ bl 

■■'... . " ■ 


. ., ,-f tin- hir.: 

tiichis labor to ao Map 
to w doing assists him In defeating 


• , reporter 
■bo, >-• ;•'•'•- b - ■■■'■■>■ '■ " 
. ' I I ■''" • 
o i ah, '"•' !l "' em- 

I s 
class. The 
ipil ill! 
press direo: : st Oi sd I »- 

*• I box and ita ehampions ia not an 01- 
. . t is deliberate 
: vr cover of a free press. 
Dougherty, would 
... Eai .is to gag the 
-.. ■ ' set ,1 in fi i ourso of his 

. la : If Ibis evil be not 

■ If, but grow-* must bo 

: people nuwl decide. It tins 

raise a storm ana precrpitate a conflict 

between the administration ol justice 

.. an the bar be silent, or willit 

ri-.. to the . merg, n< > 

The evil effects of a free corrupt 
press ha\e been sufncientl\ exempli- 

■'■_„■ remedj is not the plac- 
ing it: the hands ol the judiciary. 
otherwise the Bar Association, the 
(unver they evidently covet. Sucli a 
••remedy" would be worse than the 
t is pretended to cute. 

The corrupt press must be opposed 
by the press of the people, and their 
intelligence will iu time 
compel respect or suspension. With 
the growth of Socialism the press 
will not have the power to create 
prejudice which it now possesses, for 
tiiat which is strictly news will have 
to be reported truthfully: ami that 
which is opinion will be considered, 
advertised and known as such if the 
[eslre- CO Hal S :: so. 

i:: - to of the evils which the 
ambitious member of the Bar Asso- 
ciation deplores and would so im- 
periously "remedy," give us a free 


The foil-wins little item has made 
its appearance in labor papers with- 
:..: raiment: 

: rnmittee representing the Broth- 
Engineers of the 
■ > ivania company's lines have called 
Manager Baldwin and [resented a 
• : a for an advance in wages. This, 
To* acnoai me -: : new i „. with the conductors', brake- 

Ill Ba- Association wh tions,now in 

the hands of the officials for an uicrease 

= -„_ -=„TH. 

•aafaaEasatAftaa on the 17th 

alio aa by one lleogberty, a Thiiadel- 

asawtied the news- 
papers because, as he said, 
b tl fc se d with tike Banana* 

v-"- ■' - ;' ' - :-fc ■ 
dieea. Hi referred to • . ■ 
briberj ease esmeeiailj, » 

afur .a- t:.- ;.-..* ncir^ . I .- y^-j^ 

of «Vse»3stM» npon th: 

'■■ ' .- ' ' • .'-■ '.: u ■ . . 

afe waa one vast 

if*." Mr. Ikmjherty eipreseed 
y ii ftmil adairaxioa lor the Court 
<>'■ Appeaia baranae it gmnted a auy 
is tire iare of the nob nt demncia- 
tieaaof the pnat 

Whatever tb» aaerite of the eaae 
relarrad to, evidence of 

grewn, aad a ■. 
tetvaeaa expoaed that waa a daagraee 
what taae 
tsa: :...'-. 

that tin- nio.-eniriit U 

The fact that these unions petiti"ii 

■ hows that they 

have learned how to properly rev. r- 

o m it has pleased Hod 

them." if it had 

pleased the same "Infinite Power" 

to place the public over the railroad 

companies. : ironld pe- 

..- n raise in tli" 

freight and [ r ias3er.ger tarilT. Cnfor- 

I ot 30 — jn-t tiie re- 

■ • rse. iuia^ the landlords and 

house lords petit:'.' 

-vised reut ! 
ading for 
the eapit, itesu a» the 

above. And 

01 : 

: ' 

■ : effect ol 

•■ oond* of boaaism 


jion as 
•.^rmuoa and »c- I a bulwark aga'.nat - 
taatllj faiae » -aaauot, paWaiiesI by ' rebeii»aa employea whose c 
the daily ureas ttaa in that of the I labor ia a necessity st well aa that of 

- led petitioner 
the .teste ef i.iisoai? To the cor- ! er hand, the emniayers nuj coods- 
•» sasy he a: - to any to their y tit,»era that 

the no a w saaaai t i s a) of tsst Sve-fold j the uaaioeas will not st pri» 
"wdevofiaV -< aeif- 1 rait of sa ineresse in wages; tlist, 

moitdui worlt aan. -. ; owing to competition thsy must ia> 

. , h i -i.'ul.-f """■«• 'be 'V 

„ . . mlining the «sil» ^'"" 

members of the „.t,.a. - 

maj doubt W 

trnthoi till bo ' » -""»■ '•",'■ 

■ ,.,;•,, ,„,„ ..eiserviit'-m Ol M " 
„„;,.„. of the rwlie-tiTe "BrotUO 
hooda" will oaailj ovoreome the eon- 
t,..,,.,.!.!,- minority, and tht BoTO 

will have things thoir cwn waj, at 
a , expense, perhaps, otowinowp- 

por orstich little fees as me "ives- 

sarj to placate honest labor loadeg 
,„■ such ocoasions. llo» inneh more 

s to petition than to nf 

:, scale of prices, and UOtifj gl* 

omployore that the labor of ilu-ir 
mployeswilloosl them so and so 

mm h after a certain Jute. Sn* 
proceedings lend to strikes and lock- 
ouU which art ineourettient to the 
employes and the public anil pat 
the employers in bad humor, 

let the trades unions ami assem- 
blies learn a lesson from the gentle 
servants of the railroad magnates, 
and there will be no need of a labor 
movement, VTorkingmon shonhl 
always consider that their employers 
know more about business than they 
ilo. Some day they, too, may 
come employers, ami then they will 
acknowledge that, after all, their 
masters were right. And if they by 
reason of their inferiority thc\ should 
never come to he bosses, they can at 
least live out their humble lives in 
faithful service, confident of the ev- 
erlasting rownrtl freely given lo the 
meek and humble— after they are 
dead. Amen. 


, lire lOMi'l'ililoN'. 

The claim made by Henry Goorgo 

inanpportof his tau-hvc scheme 

,„,, . „„„nl abolish the evils of the 

iros-uMviv-o-tom 1 hv reiuler- 

,,c .petition free ami through 

fr'.eonipett.ionanil the 'nterPlsj 
... ,.... „f »,„mlvanil demand al 
ovils would 
without doubt an erro- 
laim. We can conceive "f 


in .tb'.-f jn'f/''.j 

eformatioo there 

majority, and the r 

. threo-"olassVh^riaT'*m.'ii 
.l"-'J»'!C'l | Kindergarten w!» 


uioriea. Oir'ti'"' f: ' i - Hi'.' 
rlMlouinl within a few months. I of a memorial me, ti„„ ■ "- « ., 



™4to oof taction that would not 

r,V. ...., ,,11 „„onthcshonhlers„f 

in the end fall upon 
"'s^tvlnnltr the present system, 
may be fikon 

1 to a nice course, on 

struggle for evisteuce it is true 
cunnuag, craft, dishonesty ami over- 
reaohmg is everywhere ^^to. 
But the question arises— would 

10 I lUotiwi '■' ■-- - " , j 

removal of all the dishonest mothotle 

ultimate results of a 

Would we not 

last), fair or unfair. 

Id bo thoso who would 

quoted change t 
compotitivo strife: 

■n tin, 

trton wi,« utl 
first in'Am-i... .. ,:01 "" 

.. few months. I of a menu. 

U he was one of the few who were Humboldt I>o,i a i „,.)""' ho,„, t |; 
no,, "eived by the present non- m which ho » i(1 H ^ ■' a ,„,,; 
necess of the Revolution, for Alton- services to humanity Dt '",' « S 

Sf T of" llrtr rS 8 tne G^r^To/^ « 

Sghboriug Sf ;•< a^^lrt-Whwi^aj* i'i:'I,:; 

"bore his propaganda also entered; | l,,s brother-in-law, 1™, \.;;. ' i 
but many 
many was 


of hia ag 

the Boston pre^,'u,,,, r 'i. v ;l.', : . 
i. It support were withdravnT ',' ■"■• ol 

,g the to leave his love," , ""• »-l he i, , 
.. 'V.thin InlSCn he bec»,„?"i-. 
tatorial influence, as New York lHn„k,;,i' . ' r "'• I 

broad tract of 
still in darknei 
was his notion to spread, among.... 
million of people who caine within | ^ In IJ60 l,o h cc » Im ™' 

much light as possible upon pol.ti 
cal religious, social and scientlhc 
anbiecla, and at the same time to 
warn against all unnecessary blood- 
'bed The fruils of such activity 
coulil not be lost, and wore not. 

It was the part of the government 
to nullify his inlluonce, but that was 
in vain for at least four years, 
the pretei 

that there won 
be ahead i 
tilling the t 
and just t 
who woultl, 

die race, others 

tormediary positions, 

i necessarily, others 

from no fault of 

i the rear. 


classes, and 
s the 

The New York Section of the So- 
cialist Labor Tarty has almost doub- 
led in number the last throe months 

(Jan any one tell us of what use 
legislatures are when the courts .-an 
construe constitution ami law at 
pleasure and defeat legislative en- 
ajcfjnent by do elnrio g nnoon: -■■: 
tional any act not according with the 
wishes f capitalists? 

At a gathering of police captains 
in New York during the past week. 
Bob Ingersoll, in responding to the 
toast of -''The Tress," said that he 
hoped it would continue to be worthy 
of this great republic. Murderer— 
no— "Manslaugterer" — Ed. Stokes, 
was present also. On the whole it 
was a tough crowd of hirelings with 
brazen assurance. 

A Bostonian D. D. has- written a 
hook endeavoring to show "Why 
Priests Should Marry." Wo don't 
think priests should marry, and the 
church is quite right-in discoursing 
it. Tie' might discourage 
some oilier things, too. No, priests 
should not marry, for it is had 
enough for the p'.or deluded people 
to have to support the priests without 
the additional burden of supporting 
their wives. The church is a sufii- 
cient bride. 

That the special champions' of 
ignorance and superstition, the 
'•democratic" party leaders ami "re- 
publican" heelers -llould oppose the 
"Blair Educations] Hill" is not at 
pri jug; but when the Prohi- 
bitionists' organ of Connecti* nt 
comes ont against so admirable a 

hen ""', I -' '-in bi be a 
"nigger in Use wood pile." And 
what is ti, - Why, the 

same that 1 

it "would heck the ■ owth of the 

-, r ,/ .-,'.. ■ Then why 

'■ Prohibition lata ai t con : 

■ :i.o "spirit of solf- 

,. '■• nasui I ilmlf 

ugainat lb I oho! '■ J fan. 

: - 

" it ; tl ■ Prohi- 

bitioniata. Socialist critiei ■ 

8 rB . . i • .;... ;,,, ,.,,!,,, I, 

their own, he found in 

Under a competitive system, socle 
tv is necessarily divided up into up- 
per, middle and lower 
class laws and class privileges » 
result Free competition as a reme' 
dv is a fallacv. The wages systeii 
is a slave system. Organized labor 
cannot bo ietl away from this fact. 
The remedy for competitions co-op- 
eration. How it is to be brought 
about, whether by substituting the 
State for the individual, or by the 
establishment of co-operative^ tench- 
es of industry and gradually absorb- 
ing all industries is for the future to 
develop. , , ... , 

As a valuable branch of skilled 
workers, we have before us a mighty 
work in building up a powerful 
brotherhood of our crafl. We, us 
well as all other trades and 
callings, are interested only in bring- 
ing to perfection our present natural 
position in this evolutionary state. 
Until we have reached full develop- 
ment in all that is possible through 
local, national and world-combined 
organizations, all political or violent 
me«nsi 11 onlv result in retarding 
„hc .,- inoveiiient by forcing issues 
for a' ' .'h we as yet are unprepared. 
— 77ie 1'ainfer. 


Our enemies are awaiting an op- 
portunity to pounce upon us as soon 
as we make the slightest mistake. 
But. thev forget that experience 
makes people cautious. "We know 
that war has been declared against 
us. We are approaching a fight to 
the hilt of the knife. But, in war 
and all other violent contests it is a 
crime to make fatal mistakes, lo wit: 
to attack the enemy when ycu are 
not strong enough to throw him. 
We arc not going to commit that 
crime against ourselves. We will go 
on gathering our batallions, regi- 
ments and army corps. We shall 
acquaint the laboring masses with 
uurplansof warfare Wc shall teach 
them how to tight you. We shall 
show them the road to enable them 
to conquer the power of the Slate 
without incurring the danger of be- 
ing murdered by you. And when 
we have accomplished that object we 
shall arraign you before the majesty 
of the tribunals of the people to pun- 
ish you for your treachery agains'. 
this republic. We Bhall then make 
laws securing forever economic and 
political freedom to the masses of the 
laboring people, and making impos- 
sible all forms of slavery whatsoever 
— laws enabling the people to anni- 
hilate the crime of murder and rob- 
bery for all times to come. Our 
laws will be ho framed as to enable 
us to take from you beasts of prey 
file property yon have taken from ns 
under the sanction of your robber 
legislation, and to slump itout never 
to return again You have inaugur- 
ated thU.ers of minder ami brutality; 
ami "u must not be astonished ij 

"ii in' i made to swallow your own 
metl inc. l on have made au at- 
i • in pt to shatter the institutions of 

tins l.'opobli.', and yon will hale to 

i ike the consequences. Weareupon 

I ... road of Hujosaa, We in,- anrj in 
win. Your reign of robbery sad 

. i''- 1 ■;■' 'ii tppesr. u.'.iv'in,. 

'" it," masses of the laboring people 

and that ia your doom, Uo on, 

murdering men from our ranks- if 

'/,,.' van ' 'lit- //'.'.,",.. r. 


that Altonburg Was ll 
strategical point," a brigade of 
Savou troops was quartered there. 
Thoso wore quickly rcpublicani/.etl. 
Thev were sent to Sohlaswig-MoT- 
stein, and with them the two repub- 
licanized local batullions. In their 
place came a brigade of Hanoverians. 
These were also soon ropubltcanizod. 
Then came a brigade of Prussians, 
among them two regiments of Po- 
landers. Before this Dout-i had ac- 
tually been arrested, and only by 
qu ick presence of mind and firmness 
did he prevent bloodshed, for the 
citizens had already set him at lib- 
erty, throwing himself between the 
people and the bayonets of the sold- 
iery, after which ho presented him- 
self a free man before court for trial. 
In the trial on charges of high trea- 
son and rioting, he prevailed, bnt 
the jury seemed to think they must 
placate the government, and so he 
was sent to prison for one year on 
three counts. Through this and 
during this time Ms school was 
broken up, and influences were 
brought to bear upon him, evidently 
planned by the government, to emi- 
grate. But he found new means to 
gain a living, and only after these 
had been destroyed by the govern- 
ment, did he determine to leave tier- 
many. The sale of his property was 
forced, and his means were thus re- 
trenched; but the gratitude of his 
." How citizens was made manifest in 
the liberal furnishing of the needful 
means for his journey and establish- 
ing himself in a new country — Tex- 
asr There, at the new German col- 
ony of New Braunfels, he established 
a school. The population was most- 
ly composed of Catholics, and as 
soon as the pupils had mastered the 
elementary branches, which hardly 
occupied three months, they were 
withdrawn from his school by influ- 
ence of the priest. Then he was at- 
tacked by that dread disease, chol- 
era, after which he contracted a 
fever; and so his school again was 
broken up, He endeavored to earn 
a living for himself and family by- 
giving private lessons in music, ar- 
ranging concerts, tuning pianos and 
taking the leadership in a male sing- 
ing society, in vain. As a last re- 
sort he turned his attention to news- 
paper work in Sun Antonio. His 
program was social-democratic, and 
it took well. When, however, the 
San Antonio Zeilung came out in 
both German and English espousing 
the cause of the Abolitionists, de- 
nouncing shivery, he was subject to 
multifarious persecutions, which 
ended in the destruction of Ins pa- 
per, and a total loss of his little 
property. Nor could he emigrate 
but for the help of friends, for all 
Abolitionists were driven out. But 
the negroes did not forget him. In 
I860 ho received a newspaper which 
said in the salutatory: 

"This paper, which is owned, edited, 
and whose types are set by Negroes! is 
printed upon the same press with which 
Dr. Adofph liNiini first battled for the 
emancipation of III'- black men. lb- has 
the gratitude of the colored race who 
will ever remember his endeavors in be- 
half of freedom." 

Douai took part in the Freemont 
campaign, ami at the sumo time 
strive.! for the establishment of 
Western Texas as a free State. But 
the war coming on, the plan failed 
after the Kansas Emigrant Aid So- 
ciety hail voted to spend a million 
dollars in the effort, 

lie then went to Boston, where he 
began life by giving private lessons. 
Besides, he became interested in the 
Institute for the Blind, supported by 
the six Now England Stat,.-:, in 
Bonis Boston, where he labored for 

levexm] years imparting km.wl, ■.!:"■ 
to the unfortunates. A German 
workingmen's club whi.-li I ;'. in- 

cepted the position of ,.«™>i-. 
the Hobokon Aeail,,,,,,' \ t'fjpsl a 
percd exceedingly ,„„f ' ,,.""* prot 
ment Here ll „„£,•»• m.n^ 
when he observed tbath. «■'?'». 
religions and socialist , ^'"al. 
(which, however, were *'", ""»o», 
in the academy) had ,„,,,, !'■""''•■ 1 
orful enemies. H„ '™ c 'l"" pew. 
York in ISoli, ,,»> 
school of his oin, whird, iL*" 4 » 
pered. The Tweod-Swe 'aev? S" 05 ' 
in the widening of i,"!^ t, Bw,n * 

"Pper Brtaa w 
cation of a long lease thro„„k . ".''• 
lawmaking. HisaenM& 
under the direction of I, S8 , A W ', BU 
he had to find ,„„5 '.'« 
once with his htmilv * ^ ^ 
(IS, I). He was elected pri„ C i„, ,, 
the Green street school, h*™,? X 
J., and remained there till u- 
Tlie number of scholars rose f.'-'!,', 
198 to -lob. He stipulated tha'S 
plan of teaching shoidd not b»i n( £ 
fored with and held hinuelf reailv L 
resign when this stipulation wm 
broken; and this occurred in m,, 
election of a Board of Directors wW 
were politically opposed to him. Ho 
then accepted an invitation to estab- 
lish an academy at Irvington. N ,j 
for which purpose Btock wit 'autjl 
scribed. But the loss of tho onlv 
building in the place suitable f or 
the undertaking prevented the pro- 
ject from being carried ont. 

He had already begun writinc. [ or 
the Volkszeii itng, established in Jan- 
uary, 1878, and he now closed hia 
career as a teacher, and devoted him- 
self to editorial work on the IVc.. 
zeifung, though he still occasionally 
taught at his sisters school. Ai a 
teacher he published ten text books, 
six English and four German, sad 
in ttietu gave the benefit of trie .n:;- 
century of teachers experience, be- 
sides contributing to the best Eng- 
lish and German pedagogic newspa- 
pers and magazines. Ab all this 
was more for the school of the fu- 
ture, it may easily be imagined that 
his pedagogic writings cost him 
more' than it brought in. These 
works may still be appreciated; they 
have been the result of long experi- 
ence in the school room. 

Teaching was a passion with him, 
and be only turned his attention to 
writing when there was no alterna- 
tive. Six times had he lost all his 
property at school keeping, without 
fault of his own, because he would 
not hide his convictions nor sacrifice 
his pedagogic principles. He is 
known more as a writer than as u 
teacher, and yet he taught over 
:,,OII0 children, and among them 
some who have become oelehrote.1 
tiutl excellent people He has been 
charged with unsteadiness owing to 
his manv chnnges-tlic foregoing 
will teach' whether these charges are 
well founded. One may due ever m 
the perusal of this story that for. 
born proletarian who will not .1 en) 
his principles, it is made almosn 

possible to accomplish "*'"'!, 
iess in "this best of all worlds, «*» 
if he were, if possible, more nun 
trious, economical. F™^™ 
free from gross vices than Don" b • 
least not as a teacher H.'/^d 
isticand literary produotiene eg 

fill many volumes. Man) "' """ 
remained unpublished. 

The New York 


,y.i, : , &* 

death, i 

lost heavily by Dr. Donai.i ; 
he was continually engaged *» 
editor-in-chief it. the ff'^ 
partmeut. The Social ^ 
Varty branches of New. or. «'■ 
mot on Sunday, all p«-' » J 
tions of respect to his »*'»" '• ,, ]0 
the same regret was cxpr«"« '" 
principal unions. 


,..„.!.„: to thai, abilitj ».'# 
and plunder the mass** , 
near future they wUlb.^* 
ed according lo tho good W 
to society.--//. II. /■'"■'"' 

^VOUK-MKN'S ^U^v-oOa.-x-iU. 

RnwHiTBS, Jaxuakvi'8, 18SS. 




the imm is liiili' •""' strong. 

[to work tor linviil: 

Ilia out. anil taitli p wonk, 


VI,.. children ft-atch tliril niotlui s lac* 
T ,,.„-t wi,..ll.low» severe oil i luy. 

Tills air is full of snow. 
\„ work— the strong raan'slieaM isfnint, 
' His II|» <"•' »' ■»« ~!'' r ": . 
II,. L~k< n.i luxury "1 tho rich, 

n i li nii'ii grasp their treasured Btore, 


H is tools hove gone for bread. 

HO work-in's lifr 1" narf to live, 

' In luinger, »■"" a'«l ,ol , ,1: , , , 
And borne -rows bare, onil desolate, 

iBOoerished things are sold; 
The lu»irl grows hard and Hpsnre white. 

When meats are rarely spread; 
ind "hope deferred"makes parents sick, 

When chadren cry for bread. 

>-o work— Oh listen to the cry 

These siiii}ili' wonts contain; 
Au agony of deep distress; 

t V world of [jitter pain: 
When anxious eyes inquiring see 

Tin' home-returning feet— 
And "No work" makes the rather fear 

Those asking eyes to meet 

— /.oiii/oii ,/«.sno'. 



If Karl Marx were alive, and to happen 

he -would there behold a c • 

••Capital" that would con 



id < 



of t 

"Jeather-toiigued" Jeremy Benthoin. 

The first page of thftt article contains 
the statement "that the workingnmn 
reads, marks, leama and inwardly di- 
gests these bulky tomea, we must beg 
leave respectfully to Btate our disbelief. 
This "disbeiief' ia well founded if the 
vrorkiogBian'a comprehension of "these 
bulky tomes" does riot exceed that 
exhibited l>v (he Westminster critic. 

Tfiere are. 1 think, unmistakable signs 

of iiiL-iituI dyspepsia, in the ffillmvin^: 
"It never once occurs to Marx that a 
person adds value to a thing by taking it 
rhere it if* not wanted " 

work of c 

Unit tin 

-t u.-il 

19 p 

iductivo lal 

from the 

ir.; !■ m i hands than when it passed 
into h« handt" Thefacl that ' it oc- 

r-ur-' Ih tin- /.•- r,i ir |>n.\.-.' itH inability 
to -inw.-irdly digesT the reply to S. P. 
Xfrtvuuufrcauf)] "Commerce * * * 
ma;, siricuj be considered us an act of 
products >ri." Marx says' (vol. 1, p. KJSj: 
"But corn modifies are not paid for twice 
over— once on account of their use- value, 
and again on account of their value. 
And though the use-value of a commod- 
ity is more serviceable to the buyer, ita 
an mey form ia more serviceable to the 

seller. "Would be otherwise sell it? We 
might, therefore, just as well nay that 
the buyer perforins 'strictly an act of 
production by cimvertiny; stockings, for 
example, into monej." 

.A f i erc:«ii founding capital andcapital- 
i-.'f, in the prxpet approved maimer, the 
li»- <■ ,,■•!■ continues: "A machine, and the who tends it, both are engaged in 
creating value by means of work, utid 
both rightly demaifd a share of the value 
created; the share of one is called inter- 
■- t, thai 61 the other, wages. It i* very 
difficult to understand how Sociali B t» 
rth avoid feeling this hi the case where 
I (jproved production is the rernilt or the 

at il and erit.-rpri.-e of ;±r; nJi.-i:." 

So< lalbtodonot object to the "demand' 1 
w tl,' ,ft.i.:l,iiie for the interest it de- 
serTeg, but, they do object to "wages" 

•'■-'. '- id-red the fair -,h;irc t,( "Hi" 
man who tends it/* Tiiev daiui he has 

■ ■ ' ' oao "Interest" rathe producl of 
bMlahor, ii«- would then takemorein. 
"" tmhujwork; iofactj it would bo 
'"'J™ interesting r»r everybody, except 
»'«««« thai nowabsorU 

U :l.- ■■ji,r J .. r . --.- ffo ■■ itiUand enter . 
; ■- - « a capitalist" consists in buying 
'• ■•-.-.,: ■ d bbof saving machinery, at a 

■ ■■ '.httit vr.lue, in levying tribute 
'■) tbeaJd of "patent, lav.-.-; --from the 

■ '"J, in 1 -ri^i-ifr>--v,-iM ) ] l j ■■;;,, ,... 

■ ■■ i il thi oac ■ ompetition. 

. be Bk i tea finds fault )*>m\im "Marx oi.rj, throughout his booltat- 
! --;'-"l to.rcgard productUui from the 
■' ; ,[ "' capitafi t. ' A the only 
produrtwn «f the capitalist is jjowrtj}, 
-■dUnsprMurtftut l/idog (*«entlaluj 
- happinew, Marx refuses u> "re- 
. ■ ■ - -■- comoM hi/. 

» '' ' '" ; ■ '■'■■■■' ■•■■■- • pn tentiou h 
'■- ■- ■■■■'-'• m ti, rParfflrfnsfer «e»too 

■ ■ ■ ■ ,-■ j :n, ,tfj„,r.,i,.;- .,! s*,ei; ( lt-r„ 

■ be swrpametlby onr own Van 
'• iren i/.;t«Jow. 

SUj-x *,**£„ htt preface thai on - 

' ';■ ■ i r '..-,„,„„, -tnr.i 

' - ,J - ' ■ .-' v. 1 would 

recommend •}.,•; methyl! \j> the !,,, -i |, 

TOmmm o* tku /Aimi r political 

' '■■ ■> Pmnra Owbo i 

'' : ' '•" '■•'■■' ation which aiiipeara 

, ■' ifanmu-j :;. ■■; enwick " 

™ '-/."'.'..r^ U , end b-KS tie .Wioii. 
' ; ' Jism a/.d 


. '■ ■ '»-■! ;..■:,, . .,,..! 
. r s*k« Htate titrinito 

■• J '■■■;,■ ■ ,., „„(, 

not, if you are in favor Of cove 
control df industry, compulsory taxa- 
tion, the dent nirt ion of free com petit ion. 
compulsory cooperation, monopoly by 

covernmenl or Nature's houniios," etc. 

Now, Penwfok, if I also may be al- 
lowed to ask a question "r two, 1 should 
like bO know how yon came to associate 
such ugly uoitls as "compulsion" and 
'monopoly" with Slate SociaJtom, And 

1 should like, further, to know how the 
people can votnntwUy camvel themselves 
to co-operate, and how the aggregate 
population mutually co-operating can be 
understood to monopolize Natures boun- 
ties "r 

I will leave "Fcnwick" to answer (licse 
f, merely begging him 
;a State Socialistic regime 
(luntary association of the 
volvcd from existing frag- 
■inic and social forms by 
r of causation. 
"The Goulds, etc, are men who have 
taken, advantage of privileges extended 
by governments. Privilege is the maker 
of monopoly," etc, Indeed ! But if you 
want to abolish privilege, why dot go to 
the root of the evil, since government, 
Kb you understand the word, is only its 
secondary cause, having itself been 
evolved by the "free competitions" of 
individual ambitions struggling for pow- 
er and its spoils. Hence, if you merely 
abolish government while you leave its 
cause intact, how long will it be before 
Gould & Co. evolve atiot her more de- 
structive of liberty than the first V No, 
"Fenwick," I am afraid that solongas 
there are thieves we must needs have 
locks, not quite seeing our way to con- 
riding our liberties to "free competition" 
and its "ghouls." 

"Fenwick^then goes on "to inform us 
that -'the co-operation of a number of 
persons on the mutual plun is not 

slavery, but is liberty in every way." 
Precisely so; but, why then do you still 
persist in arguing that, an extension of 
tlic same mutuality embracing the whole 
people involves a sacrifice of liberty? 
Further, wi- are told that "co-operation 
to work mines, etc, when mutual, is a 
different thing from State ISocialiHm." 
Not at all! The difference i-s merely one 
of degree, not of kind, tf co-operation 
isirood for two or two hundred or two 
millions, why Bhould it not bo extended 
to nil, if the benefit is found to be com- 

"Fenwick" on 

pliasizes the wor 

1 "mu- 

ual,'' apparent! 

- implying that i 


,v is antagonist 

10 to Socialism! 


liituality is tlit 

very soul of s 


Ihninutcit and 

Society becomes 

o mass 

f antagonistic 

individuals toni 

tag to 

xterniiuate eac 

.other by "free 


ition." Surely 

>ur friend tlndt i 


o keep the tn 

ck of consistent 

y with 


id "fn 



pHition-aipieer pair of 

animals, these! Let him keep an eye on 

them nnd look out for the ditch, 

"Government" is a word which seems 
to have a fatal effect upon "FenwickV 
peace of mind, and the thing bo signified 
be is anxious to see abolished. Now, if 
lie merely refers to existing forma of 

government I am with him entirely; but 
if he thinks that government of any 
kind can be absolutely dispensed with, 
he ia to my mind grossly mistaken. 
Roughly defined, government is the 

method by which the State or aggregate 
of individuals adjusts collective acta to 
collective ends] and so long an men are 
unequal physically, intellectually, and 
morally, government, under one form or 
another, must exist. To illustrate, In 
the simplest form: Suppose the aggro- 
gate reduced to two individuals, and to 
simplify still further, suppose these two 
to be equal, physically and morally, but 
unequal intellectually; say they co-ope- 
rate us Robinson Crusoe and Friday co- 
operated mutually to secure the means 
of life with the least possible expendi- 
ture of labor and energy; thus increasing 
their joint volume of happiness much 
more effectually than if each had lived 
upon a huh- "Individual" island of his 
own, Now, in the adjustment of their 
.joint acta to their joint ends iritelligmai 

must necessarily be tin- governing factor, 
Whose intelligence, then, H hall it be! 
WbtfabnU lead and direct? Tin- man of 
greater mental capacity or the man of 
more hmitod knowledge¥ "Natural se- 
ttle man of superior 
dm governor by tbo 
>r, tacit or expressed. 
i inferior Intellectual 
liberty by ho assent- 

be is convinced that 
the superior knowt- 

■tner will pursue the 
!'"" '" "" fua c «fetance, and I him increase 
^opportunities of happiness and hence 
of "liberty," If thun the factor of uov- 
'•n.iueni h nece^ariJy pn-suiit where the 

individimiH, means and ends are so few 

and simple, bow eliminate it when, they 
are nnllionfoid in number and com- 
plexity r 

y that government under any 

be Oppreniive Im-cjuimi' 

power and tho greed of gold 

■ ! ■ ' 'I', been coupled with 

««™ ,ls equally to argue that 
. because they have hitherto 
n mean and h-HIsIi, will al- 
one no and thus remain for- 
t0 rnutiially CO*Operflte in the 
But this is 

ability ami He. 

assent or the h 
Hut does the n 
gifts surrender 
tog : No; bee 
in their jomta 
<: of hit c 


'./■■ .- . 

■ ' ■ . t, ii 

■■■ ti m <■<■ does nol 

«< ipvs or* MmssJfi wyi 


■ snl 
b", "yon do 




Ions tha 

of aocb 

»te the 
and are 
- id 

HI only 

'd or all, and that 

■•■ ■• "ei-..- 1 iioo of the weak by the 

nrong reacts uWnmtaJy upon thu or>- 
vrm«n Mm at, This Umsoii ulfisli 
'"■'.' , " "■'• ' and v.iii laornjf i,y no 

" '; 1'""'''' "• then, ii^ <.'arlyJoHayH, 

>y n rolutionsitei r. elation, as many 
ware needed. And let "Kenwlck" reit 

,'" !, '"'"' , 1 t,mt v -' n '" 1 '■"• " tlw Umon is well 

Icanit, his liberty or that of bis ahlltlroo 

"wuftlfl nodangw.ane that while rau- 


ta » hay- no more wish for ■■ {ri ,;. 
K«iipeiitioii ban ho has for a ronisoita- 
tlonoffstulallftni ,., 

W, 1. lloa.v, 

Opwoe National Skobbtahy, 

100 William Street. New York. 
The boss bakers of Han Francisco 
intended to take the organized bakers of 
that city by in instating all of a 
sudden, that the Sunday work, recently 
abolished, should be re-introduced. Boss 
Westerfold, who employs eight men, 
started to announcing to his men that he 
could not continue the contract made 
with the Union in reference to Sunday 
work, A meeting of No. 24 was called, 
and these eight men were ordered on 
strike. Meanwhile it was discovered 
that Westerfeld aided under an arrange- 
meat of the Moss Makers' Union, and that 
«r employers were to follow, so Union 
•U called upon Unions al and .TJ, and it 
was agreed to enter a general strike. 
The most wonderful spectacle followed. 
With the except ion of the scabs employed 
by Page & Fail, every baker and confec- 
tioner in the city of Han Francisco quit 
work, and in less than almost no time the 
whole bakhig trade was at a standstill, 
so that many colfec shops had to close 
up. The millionaire firm, Sohroth & 
Westerfeld, who kept lighting the Union 
Tor the last ten months is bankrupt, In 
consequence of the vigorous boycott , 
and the business ia now in the handu or 
the former foreman of that establishment, 
As soon as wordwas received in New 
York the National Secretary was ordered 
to advance the Unions $800 by wire and 
to ask for their actual demand in the 
way of support while the strike lasts, 
Hoss Westerfeld is the same scoundrel 
who tried to suppress the -strike in 1881. 
The White Cook and Waiter's Union or- 
dered their members not to handle bread 
or pastry made by scabs. 

An application for a charier, No. 70, 
is on hand from Akron, O. 

A law will be introduced in the legis- 
lature of New York to prohibit baking 
and carting of bread on Sunday, also an 

amendment to the school laws enabling 

hoards of education U > establish Sat tirday 
afternoon classes for bakers who do night 


Brother Curtis writes from Richmond, 
Va.: "I am working on tliB hoys in 

Petersburg and Norfolk, and have been 

for some nine, and alno on the Colored 
bakers in this city, ami I hope to be able 
soon to report good news, At our last 
meeting we bad an election of officers. 
below is a list of them: 1'resident, Isaac 
Williams; Vice-President, Geo. Kaahe; 

Treasurer, Aug. Kupp; Financial Secre- 
tary. Arthur Quton; Corresponding Sec- 
retary, , I. II. Curtis; Sergeant-at arms, 
W. E, Btakey. We conduct our meet- 
ings secret and have n pass word, 1 am 
afraid that we will not be able to bend a 
delegate to the convention on account of 
not having sufficient funds to spare. 


Cold, stifT. silent and, she lay 
on the marble slab at Iho morgue. 

The t>ook of life bad scarce been read 
to its tirst chapter. Youth, loveliness, 
all that constitutes that glorious mortal 
— a perfect woman— lay there on that 
marble slab whereon has rested many a 
desecrated temple. 


A factory girl— beautiful us an angel— 
who supported a dependent, helpless 
mother and two little brothers in a man- 
nfactiiring town in Massachusetts. Her 
lair face fired the brutnl lust of the fore- 
man of her department. Temptation; 
threats Of loss of employment; the vision 
of the black Bpectre of hunger hovering 
at the the dooroT horiiiotber'steneuient; 
or licr little brothers suffering for those 

things which constitute the plainest life 
necessaries--- these were the pressures 
that pushed her over the precipice at the 
bottom of which are the blackened, 
ruined lives of thousands of the poor 
working girls of our land. 

But her troubles are ended. The fair 
young face Ikmi™ little of the sign of the 
year spent since the factory foreman 
blasted her heart and turned her adrift 
to finally seek [be wilderness of the west 
in which to lose herself. 

The factory foreman is no w a respeoted 
pillar of the church, and lias become part 
owner in the works. 

The factory girl lies on the marble 
slab at the morgue. A pine box— pot- 
ters' field— "only a dead prostitute, " the 
rabble remark.— Enquirer. 



Bwrnr, Mans — Meotuu svary WedassdBy evan- 

Iiiff, H rtVJock, at IT.-t.h- (In;;. 17<: Tf.irrwM. 
ntreet. V MX. liar ••■ run*.. In !i.-. :!<-<! to all end 
Tti" u c mcfiita.'- an' !i-.'i.v:y [-' ^i' 1 mcvtlriKi 
until about Ojii dVkn'k, afo-r wMi-h i , *':i-li- 
tlva ttcjwlon. Organizer, H- W. Brown, S 
Klrklond street, 
i:-tiii..f.i-f,uT. <'<>*N Nb'tbiir m K^.Mi.r IUr- 
Biuiilt; JJall, Or«»nl)-,er, ft. Seller, WIS Mala 

Dattok, Omo-— Orinuurer, w. K. Wood, sr Alien 

Hinvkii, f'oi, -rjorrdnp'ir'liti^ Socrctiiry.Joa. H, 
Jack, r.iitiur Bnqtilrtr offloe 

K*N"i.« (.'in ■ Mi itlin: rv'tv Friday even! neat 
Tuliein-r'" 11*11. cor. IMh -t r> ' t nod (iraml 
uvi'iiue. Secretary, Or- l/jrn.!b IIaniiin.ini. 
1809 Walnut utroet. 

I .a S.o.i.r:. li.i. -Ori.-n.iii.-. r. .I:itn.-^ T'i'.vl. S.ito 

t&nrMlasrs'Protcctivfl Association. 

"•',!•. ■ i • .■ ■ . - ■ str.s Oru ii '■ i-. A i (inrdi or, 

SOOB ■'■■[| 1 itm i. Booth 
bwYohs H wtlas everr flnt and third Mun- 

iIilj, Li ir.-* Sui iiill-i CJbraiT and Mi'tiing 

Boon, IUiJI|{litli»treet 
WW lUrss, (5osM HMtlag last Tuesday «ven- 

Ins In aaob month. Orfnuussr, -' p. Boseoe, 

p. o. Drawar I0& 
ui.Ai.ri. (■•in, c ii,-.- i DeBrarmlffia 

M. rUm-lmi! 
UI.A1IE1.I-JU.1. I'A tii ri'Wl Srct [nil mrl-t* First 
Sini.l.iv m.-rniiitr In "tu'Ji iin.rttli nt WUlIivni 

■A.!-.-, ;■■ Hull, l-o-l Ni.rlli '■■,!, ■■; 

; ,,. n.i ■■■ . . i- i \:< . M'l-fittrerf Or-tand third 
Bunday. SftdatlBl UalCooi Bell ' ■ M 
sir.', u orejantssr, Junos Ji 1st rwi 

more street. 


At thu Fourteenth Annual Besslon of the ClifarnrnkcrN' International Ual on, hold at Chicago, 
In tbe month of September, 1890. the followlnj label was adotitcdaaa trademark, to be pasted on 
ever* hox. al ClKiira niado by Union men. 



Jnued by Autnorlty ot tne Cigar Mlkanf ItiUmuionil Unon er Am«tKa< 

Union-made Cigars. 

CoU GttllUrf, iwwtton i^hi^ htktoMMM tri TtA-Oa Wafc»\ 

".«niTKr-n-«rMiirt«jyM WQ W IJ U HWf. 
X p«iM Itrieq It 1m. 

If you aro Opposed to Oontraots for convict 
labor, In deadly competition With free labor, 
■moke Union-made elKiini. 

If you favor higher wage*, Mnioko Union-made 

if you arc oppusctt to filthy tenement home 
fnutorlev, amtiko none but Unlon-mailo cigars. 

nouns or unon, smoko 

if you favor anOBTSB 
OnioB-BSftde oigars. 

If you farorapermanantorKanlzatton of labor, 
BtrlotlyUalon shops, do not parohaae the pro- 
duct of scabs, ruts and blftckleKi. 


The above Label was Indorsed by the Federation or Organised Trade and Labor 
Unions of the United States and Canada) by the vForkfnirinen'i Assembly of iliestnto 
otSm York j by the SUto Trwle AsiembUef of Ohio, Mllnol*, Mlseour] mh.i Jmntj, and 
by h lnr(jo number «>f boeal Anamblloi ami Platrloti of the Unlghte of L»bor. 


An UnbrokDti Record of Success. 

Duryeas' Qten Oove Mfg. Co. rucolTod the 
ONI.V QOLtl MKDAb ovur all oompetitora at 

Paris Bxpostt! 1878. 



<i\ v«a a beautiful, Wbltej «l<»»ay nod lual- 

Ing flnlnli, n<. othar atarob io easily used 

or *0 onuiiMuilottl. 


I'rom the D«t .S„lo,,ln,l J,„||„„ o.,p„, »,„! 
W«rn*„tu,l ferfoatlr I'uro. 

in mrj bitiu, ol pompouilon liu m-Mmd 

ttto lilKliost awnril. 


OmolAl Oman i„ TH . Hi.ou,. ItKtoutHvT, 


ILwi-wYmr. ro.t w r™. 

HubBortvlloiiBroolrBd »i thlt „ai«o. 



chicopbe, mass. 


pr!.^r.,r'l'.M*,",'i ' . ".'i , H.'"l.','l, , .'',f'',i l il.liu!!!i.''iu 1 , < 
Iul1iiiIIii B m (.-■itlil. il.- K.H..I r,,r in ..■iiiiH'oiil, uf H«cda 

Uoi:henlpr, N. Y. 

§kx Mx>zim»t, 

Pablutlon Offioe, m Kim avo,, 


Published Weokly, pi. por year. Poalase Froo. 

Bead all subsurliiiliuis direct to Pultoa. 

I I'.n Of)l.:u. 





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i» inn »nu, n.w tomb om, 

'"WOK K M » IN •:-. 



i KA.D1 1 01 



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in ,1, .. ■-!.. l.t..., .ii i. uli Council II ill 
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Jul!, mil inundroll rwlw ' ■ '■ 

mil Ii i ■ • ■■ :i>"i'i"i <'•"•">■■• 

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Hi, [1 il,.a II kllVH 'i" ! 'I''"'"! 

B nl. 1 ...Hi Hi- Fill H I. .1.," ■ Hun 

,1 i. .- loil tllf Him" "i--. 'ii" 

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ii,.. i.iiii \ in i-eealvoil n n>.|ii.-.{ 

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...liiiuir, iii Ini .ii). "Tlio BiijMit 

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, un'l Hll| ' mli'i I",' loo, 

!'!,.> I10U01 I"!'' 1 '" till I' 11 * "' ' '"' 
I,m„|..ii,,I ,,n r|, i; nl \ I, ml Hi" rftfl 
III,.,, ,i( In- l").'' logi.01) ill tliii, 

,,,. I.;. .. Klltl ||, i.~l "Ml' ll"lll "I 

h,,,,,., ,.! r,.|... I .... \ II I. vi i , if, n 

all) ii ,1.. m. ,n h. ill. in ,i. .mi. t mil |iul, 

Iii i 11 ii IgiiiltoMil Tlibro 

mm in. iniiliiiiiii Hi, i ilu'i'i, hi mnjoi 
ily nf Alimrii'iin ( In) Imlii'ii >u" "IT"' ' "I 

\ ,.l 
pope, mill ivoulil l,i> lo-iliiy 

I,, Hi,' l-,i, i ■ 



1 ,1 iih .1, iv ClllllV.ll i 


mi. Ion 1.. -Mil' 

U , 

II ll,. Ill 

:,l,. H, n In, i mil i... 


.- ,, MM Ml Ill'll. III,' 

II, 1. ll, 

lull, nil Dnui r.i.i.v 

srMiiv i.iriTitr. 


JUI fl, M,i'l,l..i, in Ti„,l>. 


Hull To M, ,M 

Tin. Siinilrii 'ti'i'tnn. I'liiniiiill I' 

Uw Tntuci Oomioll iniiiiii 99 Hint, in 

. ,,!, i..ii,i,i,.,t in, i.null, , oiueutinl I" 
i|w«,k to-morrow nlturuooii ul 8 o'nloiik, 
.ii Tnulm Council Hull, mi lllpmilijwlt "I 

'I'll,. I'i,.,„,i( |l|M.,lil,'lil." Mr. Ml, -Mil, 

Btqn 111' will ni, I px-lnnil In jih nl tn ,1 

krctUTC, hill tiiivi, ll tiitniliiil' lull, uilli lli" 

ml. '.'. 

M,. mil. is,. I [in,!,.. i nninn-i Will lin-1 
II...... Sim, In) „i,.„liii,:, nniln Olltl'l'llllll 

In,' ini.l tiutractivi', wltlinl.tnlliPlltiH'UH 

I.iiii. iil'-:i-i. iiml ll"' I'll'" 

I m| , , i 1. 1.. ii.. ia ll'llilt i- IvnlUlMl 

,,. a . .i i in removing "Um iirosenl iIIm 
ni ' 

I'll.' ill i lliminll nf ll'llulM llllil linnla Ini . 
I,.,. i, ,... i|.,.|„,l iill..ui.i||,i.| Sim.lii) "In"' 
i| u i-\|.i.|.|...l III. il u -ii.-iil ni' in mil I'll 

1, lll.ll 111 111" ll.' I' .in I.lll'l Sim 

An'. .1" In, i,- mi Irani ml 1'imlii iiml 
, .,iril,i,l mi Ii) mil, um iicimiii", 

nil lli.'i nl... ■ .Ml,, . ,,.!,. ... " null I). 

10 Till I'NOIIII .MZl',11. 

l\ ... iilill nniiii'ii Will) iliinil'i' 
In l,.'ll,,|. tholr condition iiml urn willillK 

i,. join luin.l imli in, .mi nil liiiUor, mm 
obtain all Information in regnnJ to the 
vorioui onranlnttoni. niiil Um inn ii ii - a ul 

joining Ul by ,i,lili.-,i,,|.. I, I, .11... to 

tin) clmlrimui nl ili" Oi-giuiiKliiK Coin- 

mill 1 Hi" Trillion 1', ii. Iln\ 

1104, S,.i 11. mm. 

Tin: iii'iiisTiii's uiisiil 

The /.',-. <n,,,, l.'.ifi.v. 


illi Willi tin, ilnmiui.l "f llnliiii. I'll 

Iin lull. Ini (I iilii'ilmli nf Hull'. 

I'll,., ai.. inn liinllv |nil in II llllm' 
!„, Ition 111 lllin l'(U|)00l l'V llii'nil'i.lli 
.•nl iiiilliniili .'iinl tlio mi mi 1 1 bill I"' 

tiro iiliiiiiiniiiiiii" in" i. ll i» ii"' 

uiiiiiii inllii.ini'i"' ii liinli ii'" "uii'.i.'iiil I) 

[nun,, up I 'll Imli. i In mil ngnlull 

mir imlilii' boIiqoIn, 

Hut, mi lln' iillmr liniiil. tin' l'i|,'- 
nlli nf rrii|..|ilnnl'' linn Int. . Iv ai.l.'il 
Um Ciilllnlli' III. mil. -In. Ilnm ill 

Ni-iv \nrl.. r..i' n ii till! Illicit 

of nni- inntiliili'iii'i anil nl' ti'liiiiini.i 
i:,i,,i.. ,. l,v llmi'iiln ivlimh 
v t ..|iiii,'ii Um ii'iiiliiiii nl' ii ohnptor 
(rom tlio Bibln ul tlio ojitmitit] of llm,. Hi'lliillln. 'l'llil IS II rolfc nl 
ri'iiloslilllt llililinliili.v llinl < -■ 1 1 ; ■ 1 1 1 I" 

uo Mi|.|.ii':-!i'ii. I'lm Blblo liim iin 

innri. liii'iun 'i ill mil' nriinnlu 1 1 lull 
li-i" llm liinini in 111,' Hunk Ol illin- 

ni'iii. Thograftil li'Hsnuu Ami ill* 

;|iii in, linllV; iiml mi' In I"' li'iili'l 
ill ila pagi'd lull llul. Illltl monuiUgloBfl 
n h" n l.'.'iil l.y mi in.lilli'i.'iil Inn.. Inn 
in. -in. 'Ii',, |iu|iil'i; iiml il I'm via Iinl 
UNO Hi UM) III i nt, lil.'.'k Iiml took Of 

nlViiiHi- I... tliom who I"" 1 '" 1 ' Minnim 

irniiiill or ll" lull lii'lii'V" 111 tin' Mil'li' 
nl oil. 'I'lm M lln OUglll In lllivn 
11..I lull. ll'liatoVOl'lOtiO Willi r.'li|i.1"l"i 

obiorvutwca, and rulljiloii mil bu nil 
the |""|'| ami nil il trongor tlio 

lei 1 ii i a ,ni..i,ll..,l willi by lln' Sliili'. 
x J . stamlimt. 

Tli liiinil" 

ml In rule ini'i 

ailliji'i'l llli'illti 

„,- lllll, ll. 11 

pmilOBO "1 11"' Sllllnill 
, 1,1 kiini lliinn ill li'iir. In 
llii'Mill ,,f iillii-m, 
. In allow """ll iw 1 

ill ..irlllll). Ill'll i In 

ini. .s'|,iii,,-,i, 

1,1, 1,1- '".Ill til 

mini, ll". Ill I 1. 

lln SOW ^'":l 

'.. ii.-', llm :•." ini nom 

ii 1 mIiIiIi 

Hlhli-mtrfl 1 

, I1...I a. 1.. ■. llm 

lutniuurj . 'I'll"" 

wnra Inl.i.n llm 
ij'lli Hire. 

" 1" 11"", mm"."; 

Sttljj'artl rrmtni.i i ',,. 

M, [ i-, i.i lliu Tmnyl Hunlo, 

■.,.,. 1 ., .'.- two I r . I . , i : -. il , i. 

,-i 10I 1111 ■ "Tim ViirbI iruLlii'i> 

bull" luulJacfi L'iimI Wftltx. 

more tlinii o\*«i' ImprOBMxl ivltli llio furl 
thm \in mi s. ITowllI 1 h imntalMuvur. 
W.ini.1 ilu'iv won mora lllto' mm." 
wi, ,t'. tlio mnttoi' wltli the Miiynr nf 
Now Unvi ■■ V {>■■■ illia K«otB.rnnraii Lu 

Hu l.oUn'1 u 1 ! urt HewlltT Tlio 

nQico "f Mil} "i is 11 BU))orll 1 ; one, tind 

.; I n pit) i" rtiflto good taloril In Itw 

A (jroat mooting ol iliv youoicii.ou 1 

I'.illinlii' |i(ii'irtii'ti ul NiMV Villlt WllH 

hold in Ohiok* ring Hull on \fouday 
evoulagi Tho nrOhbiohoj) ffwi proB* 
onl inul runny of liin tilergj . M wull 
d ffol) 11 1 tbo oowlj oltjotod Biipromo 
court (udgo, Morgnn J, O'llrioiii 
State BoQator LviMond othor iuflnon- 
iL.ii t Inbbollo la] mon t Bigniflt nul oJ 
ilif toropor of Llm feathering .vim thu 

■! i plttj nf R iirii'lijliri-ni [Iftjml ll;i". 

tlio emblooi ni" tlio 1.1 ruporal novor 

I. 'ni v ol tlio popi - in. I ili* 1 honors 

a led in .i nnmber ot i lie nui vn ■ 

of tho pupal liridii, ffjio ycitrn 
ugc vn ni to Home for tin purpo 10 of 
1 bootiog 'I"--' ii H. 'llm p itriotn i ■ . ■ 
ing for the unifi* ntlou of thoii 
oonnti -. 'I Im . m toraiw of the 
1 KO 1 ol 1 ■ ■ i'im . ■ til an nuniast froo 
initttutiont woto ooekotl oot m tho i 
pan ii tinifoi 01 and oocuplod froul ! 
Kciilf. In 1 . n;-; accord 1 I b :■ '• al houor 

H>- though Mir . ll ul U0011 1 OldlOTB ol 

1 boirty, id* mo 1 notable p» Ii 

tra ■ 1 u&t in H Ii" ii I Eoiifttor I ■"■'. ilf 
Dovncod our public - chool '. •'■• lut* 

illK tli 1 1 I In r0 I in I'" nml Inn;; in.iir 

m roll iond in a •■ uoti ■■ n itb h popu 

(01 "1 of ,'■ i nmonl I Ii in [1111 ■ Ij 

, ..,:-. 1 . . hool»i 

'I I." ti nl Ii ii ] I tin ron 1 u ol 
1 in ■. \"i.' i.iM" ■ an lid moTO per 
nf low in ii • oowl 1 ■ ■■■ ll '1 popular 

.. n. ol govi 1 Dim i-i 1 Lion roltg oil ■ 

■■■i! .;inl I In 1 unI Ijocauw 1 1m . 
I.iiii Ii i"!i inn, I. nl. I,.- '.."■". 1 ■ ■ 

1 ily, and to! illy im p« 1 ivo of v hal 




1. ... .in...". . 1 



'I'l.l.l,- Diiiinv 


. in 

i'. iiml ."" n 




. Ill 

I'..,.,. 1. ; 1. 

■ 1 ' 1 Si 

. a. 1. 

1 VI 1 l 

nil Hi,i|.ial 


11. I..-. 


mi 1, 

11 1 In. 11 yni'il 

ni nl Ii r. 


II. Illi', 

ll Ii 1 In 


1 11 .1 

vl'l 1 1 1 1 ll.l 


1(1)1 TI 

H Hi. Illv 


9 A 

11 lie ll 

ll. ........ II IV In 


: Mil 1 im 






nli.i |... ni all 1 it I "1 

" "^'!!'^tr!i^in u s,!L.%^r"l.- 

..I Imp. 


ilhli 111 ,,i...l"iii .. ii.-ini.' |..".l.nil Iilrli. ""[ 

., |.| ,i„. ,.■„.. ..I 111 1. ."lln" 1.1 inn .1 in 

.... I i.iimiii...... 1... i"..n .'""ii" Ml*' "I'l' 1 "' ' " ul ' 

, 1 Ii ,>..' ""Ii/. iil'I'l' l"i T !"'! 

i„. „,.iivi.iii.,iii..ii iii ; ""',',' i,,,'! 1 ,. 

'' '," " ,"",',' l .'.'.".' ! ."..',, !i.,,,'!i!!i ..'!.,"..i'i.r.....i. i..i.. 

.■I'm .'I 

1 hi 

III I 'llllJ'"! 

,,. I,,., 
K.ii'l|,!.)."lliln two ollui ". II." -I Ol Hi 

1.111 mill 

, ,.,„. 1., ,...l„,l I"".. .I'll" ''"' »l l""l'l'.."" "J 

. . .... ., ,, ,. .,,1 1 tli 11 01 1 1" 

[ilnnl .11. . nnil '■ ■ Itli . il " "i |."..i." ""i 

i'l... 11,, .... ..1 I.. in iiml iiiiiii,..! '..'• 

Till, , a 11, i.i.. ...illi .,,1,1 1. .'In In llfll'l " 

■rii — 11 1- 1 1 1 ) 1.1 Um ii". !■ fill ' , in I""., 1 ii>" .".. 

'I'l .1 .")■ .-I II." I. .!-... Iii,; ni" - . 

T , Iiilini, n( I,",. 1 li"i|,| 11 li 11, 

TI, i iilinli llm 1 111 in- 1" mil ) '' m 



,,-.', iiiiAi'i.i,. MiAii OH'UBOH. 


„, , „ A ,., ,. .im 1 . 

,,,,.,,,,-.. 11 ■ ,. 1,11/1 -. 

,.,,!,/.., -Il.ii. 1 1 "■■I. ' I' I' '■■'' ' 

Hah, Caps and Umbrellas ! 

... .,1. . 1 1 ■ 1 •■ ■ 1 

III, 1.1."' WADl n A I 1. 


,1.,,'p, innipi" "I mi'"';' 
ulii. I, III" I Iiii.ali.. ll 

In nil incni Um iinl" to life. I 

TT .I1..1I..1 ai 

lil.inli- I1...1.11 " i 

11101 nl piniliiilinii Ina.l 

1 till' 

lllll p 


II) I 

111 lllll I 

.... niii'iiii"!. 1 ," i .."i. "" ,| 

io< , 11 1 ii" il" 1 )' il"-'i"> 11," " M nl 
i„. ,:,,,n,i in.ii... I1..1.1 ■"".'!■■ 1 ! " 

I'm Minn « 

I,, ., .ml „inl mlinry, Tlio) * i" 1 ' 

„ '„f il.. a 11 ... l. a- 1.. in. 1 

,!„,., mi, i,.„i i |.,.t, ii 1.. il,. i, political 'l"i IwHwtinonujn 

,1 tin, iii 1,,, 1, 1.,, ,„.. ..ii ..I 1. ..priii". a. ii'n. i, ' i...". IWi 

1 il in . ii. -1 mil) 1 '"I"". '■ I 

r,,i„ In nlnill Ii lli. 11 1 ill. 1I111 Ii I" '.,'.«" ' ''," I'.lnli".!'!'" 

,,,,[.,,,,.,,, ,|i... p,...|i,..|i.ili ll. il 1 . 11. .!• a Ii. a'.. I Hi n thl - " I . 1 - 

I.I,. pun! Ini 

.um. T .. nui". ,1 illiiii II, .nil tin I'.lin.i.f 11 Ill'll ' 1....I 

moil ,..',,. ,1 , ,,.. , I, ."I Ii ill) Ill) 

,11 ..1 1I1I , Ii 111 I., lli. I.i i . »"■ I'riili mil ml '1 "' 

all) Inn.. l,p| 1 I.. II I Ii."lr fl 

•iirlii.m trill llinilli' lllivn o|.|K)«ullollii"in i.iiiiipiir«lli'i<ly [on iroliMtrlal ili |- •' . 

In im, , nl II." Iinlii'liinlil" lllimil , Hi 1 1 ' " 

I p, ||.. I |,.,,l,,,li.,li ll,,. «a,a. . , .1. Ill, I . ' HI '. .1 1 ) 

Tho l..i.|. nl .- 1 iin Ii ii ii....l"i. H ' ..ini..... .1 |iulill . n. ■ 

fi,|.|irlti)to..tiiini lil|.iil Intnl. In. 1111 it. ..1 nun. .1 ■'■ " ! ii pinilii" ini.iln. li mil ii it -I 11 l' "■ m ll" 1 i ' ■■'"■ I In |J 

........ uill. II.. ICO la. ml. ma! In rain lllll .11 

'IT,...",., lull I I, l'llil) Im-, II - I "1 ai." I' " U ■ ' I 1 

i mail ..I' II 1 . 1 ' 1 ■ ■ 1 1 1 1 r . n 1 1 la ol " a ,■ v. . a 1. , , . I,) II,.- ■ !■■ of 1 ipllftllntl 


Wi ll "li 1 il II." M 1 -.1 ll" Il.iti 11. in. -I.I Hid I - 

pi nl 1 , 1 1" 111. 1 ii ... ,.|" in!"..- .) 1- ■". . ,r ■■.. i . ' ) ; . 

1. Ian. ni, iiml llm . an .ai 11 1 1 li'-iii. ■ .1 Hi. 1 .. ■ I 11" mo p. 

!■■,... II1.1I pin |... . ... (in 1... Ha .a.- lion ..I |1 illli 'I |)i 


.... IAI Dl MAND ■■ 

I. Ii'.alnrli 1 tllf lllllll Of lull |.|"|'"l'". 1 ." II" I'." " f I'l '"' ' ■"' 

• lal.h I I 111 Ai I ..I I -I. Ill .I ..I '....I I"". ' 

1.11 all iii, In. .11 "ii .1,1. 1. "i . mill . ." 1. |." illi I ' 
'.'. 'I'lm I Tin., I M.I, a lull ol " 'W,.xr«pli*. 

toll pi . nil ."i., . '". 111 ill 1 1 

it, TllO in. ni" I' .li"" I . .1,1 am a ..I 1 . ' 

1.1 ..iippl). tin' I. In ...... ' ' 1 

I, Inn. I [.. 1... il. rl I)i- '"ll ' • 1 ' II ' 


,80, fc'-'.l***. •' 


ii.iin, ii.f.o. rJ.<«. •«•'»■ •»•**• 

1 „i„., 1 ,. 1 1 ,11.1. 


ni 1 mi -it I - aftd 

i;,s r in i" HI . ^' * Ban 11. 



MclNrYRE, MAGUfRt ft CO. 


in lull BU 1 

I / .. l/ll I 


a 1 v TBBXI KDOI M II im . non 

! '' l ■ ! I ■ ul \a tvo ii . 

'" ' ■■ ' ■' il ■ i'ii, 

I I''.- I.' Ill .'.I ..Ml .. ': 

I"- IJ tin i {.'in. ham 

1 '.IM. M,... 


>■'■ , ' 

1 1'. 

I. W 1 8.TZ, 


i' I '■!■■■ ■ ■ 1 - ' ;,., 1 j 1 

■ ! ■ . I . . . ,i , ... '. 

1 ■,...-, ■ >" 



I'l, uli 

wliloli 1 il-horw 

fi. Liw 1 

iinl iiiiinl orgii 

Iii ),„■;, 1, ■ ■ . , ■ ■: I 

ill, In, .111:, I ,. 11.. 1 ■■ '.l,..|. ..I a ),., ll 


■:,..■ I 

ni Lin' n' 

: ; .'. i 1 ' I. : . ■ ■ 

II. I III Ihl'llll)- "I M nil, ID' ll' |'-|,M|i i. itrotln I 

iillmuiini'i",: WICU tltJll I" I" |'i-l' i " I ' ■< ■ '■' ! : I ' 

wnrfc ■ 

;. rnmiRiirftdoii ol puliHc p o\ '. In t ■ ■ .■.■■!■ 

s, Tlic 1 'inii'i! SUiti 1 i" litii 1 1 Im • 'M' ; n ■'■■ i'iJi! ■ 1 1 ■■ 

11. r,ui]'ii ion .1 1- ■ 1 1 it Inn 1 i.iMiiiii . i-i iin ■■ ii ittitii ruu ■ , ' 

waii-i « ityn, tind I'lniiii'i.iM.- iKv ■■■ ' - ii,, ,, -i ....'■ . 

I'iu' LTiiiU'«l Mlnli' i" l' .M' 1 1»" fi I.- ..I . ■ 1 1 . [ i' ill ■.. . 11 ■ -i . |«»t.'nK 

I .'ill. I. .! .', , . I 

■ I I i I ' I ■■' kill ' I 




II, Tin.' ii' 1 ivo inouwu Uu 

Ufit ]'!. 

I'.' (.' Plll-.t'l) I'fllt ml 1 .hi, .iii- .11 ■■! .11 . liil'li' .1 ii'i.l.'i I |". n >■■'liun in .ill iithu'/iHoiuil in lllu ■ to 1 ■ ■ nil ■ l n ■ '■ 

tn nil lij iiuiiiir luwIftUui™ iiiniii inn", mi .il ., ' : ■ . I ■ ! - eti HI 
Id In' iiml.-r Hi. ■ ilii ii-linn i»l I Im UiiIUhI HUllOM i, I (-. I . u I ■ I ■ 


1:1. i;,'|n':il ui' nil pmippr, tramp, ron ilrnoj mul nunptuarj Uw I nnbrfil i I 
right <<i uoiuulnattun. 

1 1. onioinl ■ lii'fiL i- iii" 1 ■ ■ 1 » - 1 1 f 1 - ■ 1 1 ni i-.ii 11 ft ihll ■ 

i-i, ,|, in, in. iii ni . iiiiiii. 11 in ih."n 1 1...-, iiiti tho . -ii|-.i"i Hu'i',1 nf ten ■ 

tiroupiiUiMiti tloli Euiontal toJioaltho lit)'. I'rohlbltlimof thi coiivlcl la 

11 ,.1 j 

ii.. ,\ll wngw lo bo paltl In oitfiti 111 »y. Bquallwtlon bj la« of worn ei 

wllli ii ol ni- 11 wlioi'P oipml pi mi <■ 1 jiiM-fo ''I. 

in, 1 ,ftw« fol tht« pifltoiill 1 life mid HWiiwol working people, omt an effl'cloni 

loyonT linlillitj law. 

Mini m. 11 1 i:ii'i' \-aw ■. In-)'.'!, .■ ',' In' ;i 'ii'. -i 111 mill 11 il 1 mi 

Idlna fOflliS. .<■ " '..■■,!■". 

C|(;\|{S & TOBACCO. 

I'.mni v.i Mi reliant . 




Overcoat, Ulslei and Reefer 

$2, $3, $4 AND SS EACH. 


"M IT li" 


I 'I 1,1, nil Mi., I. 



Si, ( . 

1 lli. 

ll . 

iliirnll 11 

\ -L JrOUl I . ■ "i • 1 (>i I ' > I«. 



11 (N llrunliiily IIHil i>I Timl. 1 t bill 

\ mi ni' \-; : n 'ili' ; 1. l i- iLMuUrMooi 
l\ in,- lln. iii I in -ilm .-i..|,ii,»: . tu im) 

.... M, 

hui \ i:m 'ii.i II t Iiml r.T 1 NluN 

I ' 1 ll 1 ,, M, ■ "a, ' ll.,. '.I .1,11.1 ,,,' .illH l| 

, '.„■.. .il,. . 1 .iii'.i'i.iin.ll (lull, 

Oi. il" M V> ll V\ I.N. s L. I' 'I Im ll- i'liliu 
li Mi ..I ill l.ilil 11! 'Iimlii- 

' ■ ' . ■ M ,i- ■ .. .! . I.i I ' ,1 Ml.,,, I,,, ml, 111 I, 

... I. [. Ill 
'im mi ' "i .mi. u 1 -'■ mi mi iii 

I I r , .. ■ 11.,... I.. nl .nl 

nib* ' ■ Ml 1 1 rj 

I 111 ulwU 



I. 'I'ln- people in hare Nw rinhi to praiitwrtftti [tfitflnTtVPTTmil < ■> vtiTc'u|t«iii nil 

law nl iiii|.MiiimtiMiMl"..'inliniii. 

■, Mmini,,,! ,,i Mi" I'm' I'l'.i. ■>, Vino IV- ll iicj awl Ftenata el tin UnlledStatM, 

'11 J' ml hum' I t<i!i ill to hi''ii'.h"il. iv Ii ii'iiitH'i ■ iiir In U« iunl m;iy 

nl uliy Ml lie ln'i.'r^llM'l.l'J lli.' Hull i' iif 1 1i'hi|'1>- .'HI ill..' ' ii ■ ll 'il) l"::i I.ini body. 

Tho Hint maud Myifii i|'ilii"'i to ivdopl Doivpmioaulng nmandmeubB to liheii ccmu« 

.!, Miitiiri|.,il 1 II 1 tm 1 liiui'iil. 

■ I. lliii'i'l miIm iiml iioni'l kitluK in iill I'livlidir. ri.n.i:iil iinl 01111*1 right O I 

mifTroKO wKh'Mil u inrd u- uilur, cixjimI, »r nfd, )ik*ftiv>ti daj* to b* li^al Iwlfal .1 

'l In ■ |.iiii.'i|.l<> lit mi ilj m v" ..iHiili-.ii in K.' in lu-vil. 

D, Thi aihoi . ui till iii'i'.iuiiir ii.i.ii . in I-" 1 -i .imli 'iiiii' in, itnd Miibjprrl im-cwll 

|;j , III.- run I il I h-lH> . 

II. LTiiifomi law Utrunghoul thu United Hlnti-s \dnitnULratluii of jimtlce Lo bo 
it ii linn:'.". Abolition of caiiltal [iluitnUiui'iit. 

■;. HcpiiFhtlon or uli public iillWva from wllRiuiii Hnirch piOjioitj (.1 bo mbjool 
ly taxation. 






■iii.'i I,. 



imi i.tJ.Mi I'nii) nl Hi" United h ho tm eliteflj a 

ll iiH'iin. nl" HgltttttaD In l':irlit'i|mli' In ftldtltbljUl, .'nil ill j , 

10 ot 
_ .lt..wirl.y wltluli lullnj hui-l I'l 

I ul 

witonttl i-li'i-ni'ii"; tltm»foii 

nl tu Hi mbdnwl 

jiuit Hint I'inij wltluli 

Ul l.,,.M ll' (. 

i.t tlio elm 

un- lubot I'tiiiii"! lira 
|.i-| .." |V0j tlutl i-i, Ihoi'li'i- 
, :iii.l ftt Innul it'coi ul '■ 1 h, 
nrifihi.rcii.; but iiunutHtnt nlinll 


'lii'i" lit.H Lu' lllll Ilj II',' In, ..I .',.', 1 1. ul ni' Ul IIH 1 ' li;;.ilii. It 1.0)1 

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GrDceries and Provisions, 

Cor, Diwi'HAv, ,111,1 Hi'iirv SI, 

[tegular Hauls, Wo. 

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Contra) Labor Uutouof New Vvrk 

on UhBVl BBS' ISION, No. N. 


Itftncuiltf. r bur (irml ll*»rlMOol 
Sale Of Drj Q—4% I* the Bra* 


McIntyre, Maguirf; A Co. if, I s| r ,,. 1. 


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14 «...i in ttii 


I07-IO? OiUftttj ST- 


Aiiiriricin md Swisi W ll 

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834 Chapel Strest. 

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